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  "And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature." - Mark 16:15 


The Historical Proponents of Veganism

"Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things." 1 Genesis 9:3
"Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth." 1 Timothy 4:3
“All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds." 1st Corinthians 15:39


Section I                            Main Page

  1. Al-Ma'arri (973-1057)
  2. Roger Crab (1621-1680)
  3. Johan Conrad Beissel (1691-1768)
  4. James Pierrepont Greaves (1777-1842)
  5. Amos Bronson Alcott (1799-1888)
  6. Donald Wilson (1910-2005)

Al-Ma'arri (973-1057)

Al-Ma'arri Bust
Born 973, Al-Ma'arri was a blind Arab philosopher, atheist, indeed irreligious, that is, hostile to religion, and the first recorded vegetarian.

Pessimistic and rationalist in his outlook, attacking all religion, Islam, Judaism, Zoroastrianism and Christianity.

Adopted the view that people should not have children, to 'spare them the pain of life'.

On his views on vegetarianism, he said, '"do not desire as food the flesh of slaughtered animals / Or the white milk of mothers who intended its pure draught / for their young" nor to ea fish, or eggs, because as he put it, 'injustice is the worst of crimes'.

On religion, he said, 'The inhabitants of the earth are of two sorts: those with brains, but no religion, and those with religion, but no brains.'

He was a pacifist, extending pacifism to all life, and lived as an ascetic, denying himself simple pleasures in life, but living a harsh lifestyle..

Al-Ma'arri never married, dying at the age of 83

As brilliant as he was, a philosopher, poet and writer, he is expressing the outlook of one essentially without hope, and understanding.  Reducing Christianity to a form of reason, he misses the point of faith, of belief, for as the Bible says, “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” 1 Corinthians 2:14.

What we have, is a man, through reason, who has placed himself to the same level of all animals on life, and debased others in the process.  He remained celibate, not marrying, and believed that people should not have children, and forced himself to live a harsh life.

He hated his life so much, that he wanted it written as his epitaph, that 'his life was a wrong done by his father and not one that was done by himself.'

This is similar to vegetarians/vegans of today, it's the same spirit, denying themselves food, believing we shouldn't have children (the world is overpopulated), that is, believing people shouldn't continue, and lowering themself to the level of being equal to any type of life, mammals, fish, reptile and insect, so therefore, debasing their own worth, and the worth of others.

In contrast, the Bible tells us that we're more important than animals,
"Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, and not one of them is forgotten before God? But even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear not therefore: ye are of more value than many sparrows." Luke 12:6-7
And in regards to having children, rather than having none, and letting the human race die, we are to have many,  "And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it:" Genesis 1:28a

Roger Crab (1621-1680)

Roger Crab English Hermit
Roger Crab was an English soldier, haberdasher, and herbal doctor, who lived an ascetic (severely self disciplined) life, and practiced vegetarianism under something called Christian Vegetarianism.

He ate a strict vegan diet for the last 39 years of his life. Initially his diet consisted of potatoes and carrots, but then reduced to mostly bran and turnips.  The severe dietary restrictions continued, until later in his life, he ate only a herb called rummex, and grass (which humans cannot digest), with the occasional addition of parsnips.

Despite his claims for Christianity, he was a Philadelphian, which were Pantheists, which is a mystical teaching that God is basically the universe, and mystical Eastern philosophy of nondualism, believing that the Holy Spirit lived in everyone's soul.

In contrast, the Bible teaches that God created the universe, Genesis 1:1, 'In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.' and in John 1:3, 'All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made'. In Isaiah 45:18, 'For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens' God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else'.  God created the universe, God is not the universe, but created it.

Contrary to Pantheism, the Holy Spirit does not live in everyone, but only in people who have become born again, the first birth is of flesh, the second birth is of Spirit, as the Lord said in John 3:3, "Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.'

As a herbal doctor, he advised other people not to eat meat

In common with Al-Ma'arri, he was a pacifist, and became a hermit, and remained unmarried.

There is nothing wrong with a person deciding not to eat meat, but it is not right to tell other people not to eat meat, or to say that the practice of eating meat is unscriptural, for the Lord Himself ate meat, as shown when he ate lamb in the Passover meal (Mark 14:13-14).

It is interesting to note that John the Baptist did not eat meat, but that he lived on a diet of locusts and honey.  Contrary to Roger Crab, John the Baptist believed on the Lord as the only way to Heaven, that through the Lord only will we receive the Holy Spirit, '“I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire:” - Matthew 3:11

John the Baptist did not forbid the eating of meat, or marriage.  John the Baptist did not object to marriage, but rather, to someone else knowing anothers wife, "For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to have her." Matthew 14:4


Johan Conrad Beissel (1691-1768)

Conrad Beissel
Vegetarian.  Founded the Ephrata Cloister.  The members of this cloister were celibate (once again, we see celibacy going with veganism, even from the middle Eastern philosopher, Al-Ma-arri, 973-1057.

The Ephrata Community ate only one small vegetarian meal a day.  Again, as seen in the above examples, they were ascetic, strictly disciplined, sleeping on wooden benches 15 inches wide, with wooden blocks for pillows. 

Sleeping only 6 hours a night, they took a literal interpretation of the Bible, with a 2 hour break at 12:00am - 2:00AM to 'watch' for the coming of Christ.

The Lord tells us to not be idle, to serve him, just as the lazy servant did not expect his master to return, that we should, "Watch therefore, for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come."  Matthew 24:42.  It does not mean that we should by our window at night waiting to see him, but to be good and fruitful Christians, expecting the return of our Lord and King.

"If we happen to be asleep when the Lord returns, we will hear the trumpet, "In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed" 1 Corinthians 15:52.

Beissel promoted celibacy in his community, and abstaining from meats.  He initially moved from Germany to Pennsylvania to join a commune of hermits founded by Johannes Kelpuis, who believed the end of the world was going to be in 1694, and practiced occult, and astronomy, neither of these things are Christian.

The Bible tells us that no man knows when the Lord will return (Matthew 24:36).  Kelpus believed that he wouldn't die, but would be translated to another existence.


James Pierrepont Greaves (1777-1842)

James Pierrepont Greaves
English mystic, socialist, progressive and advocate of vegetarianismFounded Alcott House, a 'spiritual and progressive school'

The progressive community of Alcott House involved, an austere regime of early rising, strict vegetarianism (raw foods), celibacy, and experiments with astrology, hydrotherapy, mesmerism and phrenology.

Punishment was frowned upon and children were encouraged to develop their 'innate spiritual gifts'

Greaves became a vegetarian, and advocated hydrotherapy, water drinking, and a life of celibacy.

In 1817, Greaves experienced "some strong interior visitations" which led him to a belief in the "divine in man"

Once again we see the philosophy of vegetarianism in this mans life.  It is not just about abstaining from eating meat, it is the philosophy, the spirit that goes with it, which is associated with vegetarianism/veganism today.  Not disciplining children, celibacy, therefore, not having childrenWe see strange esoteric beliefs, astrology, mesmerism, and the belief that the 'devine is in man', that is, man can be as gods.  The truth is that man is fallen, and has to believe in Christ's sacrifice on the cross and His bodily resurrection, for a man to become spiritually alived.  We are saved by the blood of Jesus, who is God in the flesh, and that is the only way.

Amos Bronson Alcott (1799-1888)

Amos Bronson AlcottProgressive, did not believe in punishing children, but rather conversing with them.  An advocate for womens rights, and a advocate of a strict vegan diet.

A transcendentalist, which believes in 'the inherent goodness of people and nature' and that society and institutions have corrupted people, and that people themselves are good.

Again, this is in sharp contrast to the Bible and to the realities of people.  People are NOT good by nature.  By nature we are sinful, covetous, jealous.  Transcendentalism is similar to much in the way of modern psychology, in that the individual avoids personal responsibility, that the wrongs they have done are due to others, not themselves.

It is also unbiblical.  In elevating ourselves to being 'good' and 'right', we are in effect claiming ourselves to be gods.  We are also avoiding the adult acceptance of personal responsibility.  Without the acceptance of personal responsibility, we cannot improve ourselves.  Crucially, without accepting personal responsibility about us and our nature, we cannot accept accept our guilt as sinners, and therefore a person cannot receive the gift of Christ's sacrifice for them, for the Lord came to save sinners (Luke 5:32)

It is a philosophy designed to drive people AWAY from Christianity, and it's a clever ploy by Satan.

Once again we see the philosophy of veganism, the advocates of veganism, with modernism, a lack of belief in disciplining children (Proverbs 13:24, 'He that spareth the rod hateth his son'), and crucially, advocating beliefs which take people away from Christianity.


Donald Watson (1910-2005)

Donald Watson
Animal rights advocate, vegan, founder of the Vegan Society. Pacifist.  Conscientious objector in Word War II.

Coined the term 'veganism' from the term vegetarian, as he put it, '"the beginning and end of 'vegetarian'"—"because veganism starts with vegetarianism and carries it through to its logical conclusion.

An agnostic, which is one who does not believe in God, however, interestingly, describes the non use of animals as 'spiritual',

"We can see quite plainly that our present civilisation is built on the exploitation of animals, just as past civilisations were built on the exploitation of slaves, and we believe the spiritual destiny of man is such that in time he will view with abhorrence the idea that men once fed on the products of animals' bodies."

He's correct, it is 'spiritual', in that it is a seducing sprit, as the Holy Spirit says through Paul in 1 Timothy.


Jainism with Masks
It's worth giving a mention to this Eastern belief system, called Jainism.

- Mandatory for practitioners to be vegetarians, eating only "by-products of the living beings such as fruits, nuts and milk."
- Nakedness is recommended, "Digambaras believed that just like Mahavira the monks should wander naked"
- Discriminatory, in that they believe women cannot obtain liberation
- Strict ascetic lifestyle
- Do not eat certain root vegetables, as removing the vegetables from the earth may harm or kill some of the microbes
- Many followers take to wearing masks, in case breathing in microbes could harm them
- Approximately 4 million followers in India
- Atheists, in that they don't believe in God, but believe in a plethora of different 'beings'.  Akin somewhat to worshipping various fallen angels.
- Practice non violence
- Monks and nuns take vows of celibacy

Interestingly, despite it being of a completely different culture, and originating in a completely different timeset, indeed, although listed last, it is among the oldest on this list, they display the commonality linking most, if not all vegetarian/vegan systems:

Abstaining from meets
Strange practices of protecting bacteria/fear of illness
Harsh ascetic lifestyle

The same spirit, across different cultures and time periods, seem to have the same affects on people ascribing to a vegetarian/vegan system.  Indeed, it seems as though it is the same familiar spirit (devil) which influences all people ascribing to vegetarianism/veganism.

Leviticus 19:31, 'Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.'


"Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:" 1 Timothy 1-4

Contents                                            Section II ->

7th April 2018


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